John the Ripper is a free and fast password cracking software tool. Initially developed for the UNIX operating system, it currently runs on fifteen different platforms (11 architecture-specific flavors of Unix, DOS, Win32, BeOS, and OpenVMS). It is one of the most popular password testing/breaking programs as it combines a number of password crackers into one package, autodetects password hash types, and includes a customizable cracker. It can be run against various encrypted password formats including several crypt password hash types most commonly found on various Unix flavors (based on DES, MD5, or Blowfish), Kerberos AFS, and Windows NT/2000/XP/2003 LM hash. Additional modules have extended its ability to include MD4-based password hashes and passwords stored in LDAP, MySQL, and others.
IPFire is a server distribution with intended to use as a firewall. It focuses on flexibility, and scales from small to middle sized business networks and home networks.
Along with this hardened, minimalist come lots of addons that can be installed with a simple click. That's what makes IPFire different from other firewall distributions: it is easy to configure for any task, and easy to administer once it's set up.
Using Opera Dragonfly for the first time requires an Internet connection to download Opera Dragonfly files. Then, Opera Dragonfly can be loaded offline from Opera's cache. Opera Dragonfly automatically updates to the latest version available, when connected to the Internet.
eCryptfs is a POSIX-compliant enterprise-class stacked cryptographic filesystem for Linux.
It is derived from Erez Zadok's Cryptfs, implemented through the FiST framework for generating stacked filesystems. eCryptfs extends Cryptfs to provide advanced key management and policy features. eCryptfs stores cryptographic metadata in the header of each file written, so that encrypted files can be copied between hosts; the file will be decryptable with the proper key, and there is no need to keep track of any additional information aside from what is already in the encrypted file itself. Think of eCryptfs as a sort of “gnupgfs”.
It is a Tomboy client for the Google Android mobile platform.
For those who didn't know, tomboy is the world's best note-taking application using a unique wiki-style approach and a userfriendly interface. The aim of this project is to bring the same goodness to the Android platform. The goal is to be file format compatible and be able to sync notes with tomboy. Of course, keeping a great UI adapted to the mobile context is also a goal of this project.
Ubuntu is a computer operating system based on the Debian GNU/Linux distribution and distributed as free and open source software. It is named after the Southern African philosophy of Ubuntu (“humanity towards others”).
Ubuntu is designed primarily for use on personal computers, although a server edition also exists. Ubuntu holds an estimated global usage of more than 12 million desktop users, making it the most popular desktop Linux distribution with about 50% of Linux desktop marketshare. It is fourth most popular on web servers, and its popularity is increasing rapidly.
Super-fast, easy to use and free, the Ubuntu operating system powers millions of desktops, netbooks and servers around the world. Ubuntu does everything you need it to. It'll work with your existing PC files, printers, cameras and MP3 players. And it comes with thousands of free apps.
The Firefox browser is created by Mozilla, a non-profit organization whose mission is to promote openness, innovation and opportunity on the Web.
Shutter is a feature-rich screenshot program. You can take a screenshot of a specific area, window, your whole screen, or even of a website - apply different effects to it, draw on it to highlight points, and then upload to an image hosting site, all within one window.
Shutter is formerly known as GScrot.
MySQL is the world's most popular open source database software, with over 100 million copies of its software downloaded or distributed throughout it's history. With its superior speed, reliability, and ease of use, MySQL has become the preferred choice for Web, Web 2.0, SaaS, ISV, Telecom companies and forward-thinking corporate IT Managers because it eliminates the major problems associated with downtime, maintenance and administration for modern, online applications.
Many of the world's largest and fastest-growing organizations use MySQL to save time and money powering their high-volume Web sites, critical business systems, and packaged software — including industry leaders such as Yahoo!, Alcatel-Lucent, Google, Nokia, YouTube, Wikipedia, and Booking.com.
The flagship MySQL offering is MySQL Enterprise, a comprehensive set of production-tested software, proactive monitoring tools, and premium support services available in an affordable annual subscription.
MySQL is a key part of LAMP (Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP / Perl / Python), the fast-growing open source enterprise software stack. More and more companies are using LAMP as an alternative to expensive proprietary software stacks because of its lower cost and freedom from platform lock-in.
MySQL was originally founded and developed in Sweden by two Swedes and a Finn: David Axmark, Allan Larsson and Michael “Monty” Widenius, who had worked together since the 1980's.
Docky is a full fledged dock application that makes opening common applications and managing windows easier and quicker. Docky is fully integrated into the GNOME Desktop and features a no non-sense approach to configuration and usage. It just works.
It is an advanced shortcut bar that sits at the edges of your screen.
It provides easy access to some of the files, folders and applications on your computer, displays which applications are currently running, holds windows in their minimized state and more.
Redcar is a programmer's text editor for GNOME, written in Ruby and Vala (a curious C# like language for use with GNOME), by Daniel B Lucraft.
Redcar probably isn't going to be your next editor, at least not yet. It's still in its early stages with version 0.1 only being released a week ago and you have to get it running from source (no binary distributions yet). Despite all of this, it already boasts compatibly with Textmate highlighting, snippets, and quite a lot of Textmate bundle commands. It's GPL2 licensed, too. The code is available in a Github repository.
Despite the focus on GNOME, it should be possible to get Redcar running on both Windows and Mac OS X as well as Linux, but I've personally found the dependencies for Ruby-GNOME2 to be an absolute beast to install on OS X.
Linux is a clone of the operating system Unix, written from scratch by
Linus Torvalds with assistance from a loosely-knit team of hackers across
the Net. It aims towards POSIX and Single UNIX Specification compliance.
It has all the features you would expect in a modern fully-fledged Unix,
including true multitasking, virtual memory, shared libraries, demand
loading, shared copy-on-write executables, proper memory management,
and multistack networking including IPv4 and IPv6.
It is distributed under the GNU General Public License - see the
accompanying COPYING file for more details.
GParted is a free partition editor for graphically managing your disk partitions.
GParted is useful for tasks such as: creating space for new operating systems, restructuring disk space to separate user and operating system data, and copying partitions to enable upgrading to a larger hard disk drive.
Your hard disk drive or USB flash drive can be subdivided into one or more partitions. GParted enables you to reorganize your disk partitions while preserving the contents of these partitions.
Free open-source disk encryption software for Windows 7/Vista/XP, Mac OS X, and Linux.
-Creates a virtual encrypted disk within a file and mounts it as a real disk. -Encrypts an entire partition or storage device such as USB flash drive or hard drive. -Encrypts a partition or drive where Windows is installed (pre-boot authentication). -Encryption is automatic, real-time (on-the-fly) and transparent. -Parallelization and pipelining allow data to be read and written as fast as if the drive was not encrypted. -Encryption can be hardware-accelerated on modern processors. -Provides plausible deniability, in case an adversary forces you to reveal the password.
Minify is a PHP5 app that helps you follow several of Yahoo!'s Rules for High Performance Web Sites.
The design is somewhat similar to Yahoo's Combo Handler Service, except that Minify can combine any local JS/CSS files you need for your page.
- Uses an enhanced port of Douglas Crockford's JSMin library and custom classes to minify CSS and HTML
- Caches server-side (files/apc/memcache) to avoid doing unnecessary work
- Responds with an HTTP 304 (Not Modified) response when the browser has an up-to-date cache copy
- Most modules are lazy-loaded as needed (304 responses use minimal code)
- Automatically rewrites relative URIs in combined CSS files to point to valid locations
- With caching enabled, Minify is capable of handling hundreds of requests per second on a moderately powerful server.
- Content-Encoding: gzip, based on request headers. Caching allows it so serve gzipped files faster than Apache's mod_deflate option!
- Test cases for most components
- Easy integration of 3rd-party minifiers
- Separate utility classes for HTTP encoding and cache control
gThumb is an image viewer and browser for the GNOME Desktop. It also includes an importer tool for transferring photos from cameras.
gThumb is available for most Linux distributions, just do a search for gthumb in the package manager.
gThumb is released under the terms of the GNU General Public License.
SMPlayer intends to be a complete front-end for MPlayer, from basic features like playing videos, DVDs, and VCDs to more advanced features like support for MPlayer filters and more.
One of the most interesting features of SMPlayer: it remembers the settings of all files you play. So you start to watch a movie but you have to leave… don't worry, when you open that movie again it will resume at the same point you left it, and with the same settings: audio track, subtitles, volume…
Other additional interesting features:
-Configurable subtitles. You can choose font and size, and even colors for the subtitles.
-Audio track switching. You can choose the audio track you want to listen. Works with avi and mkv. And of course with DVDs.
-Seeking by mouse wheel. You can use your mouse wheel to go forward or backward in the video.
-Video equalizer, allows you to adjust the brightness, contrast, hue, saturation and gamma of the video image.
-Multiple speed playback. You can play at 2X, 4X… and even in slow motion.
-Filters. Several filters are available: deinterlace, postprocessing, denoise… and even a karaoke filter (voice removal).
-Audio and subtitles delay adjustment. Allows you to sync audio and subtitles.
-Advanced options, such as selecting a demuxer or video & audio codecs.
-Playlist. Allows you to enqueue several files to be played one after each other. Autorepeat and shuffle supported too.
-Preferences dialog. You can easily configure every option of SMPlayer by using a nice preferences dialog.
-Possibility to search automatically for subtitles in opensubtitles.org.
-Translations: currently SMPlayer is translated into more than 20 languages, including Spanish, German, French, Italian, Russian, Chinese, Japanese….
-It's multiplatform. Binaries available for Windows and Linux.
-SMPlayer is under the GPL license.
Brasero is a application to burn CD/DVD for the Gnome Desktop. It is designed to be as simple as possible and has some unique features to enable users to create their discs easily and quickly.
-Supports multiple backends: cdrtools, growisofs and libburn(optional). Data CD/DVD: -supports edition of discs contents (remove/move/rename files inside directories) -can burn data CD/DVD on the fly -automatic filtering for unwanted files (hidden files, broken/recursive symlinks, files not conforming to joliet standard, ...) -supports multisession -supports joliet extension -can write the image to the hard drive -can check disc file integrity Audio CD: -write CD-TEXT information (automatically found thanks to gstreamer) -supports the edition of CD-TEXT information -can burn audio CD on the fly -can use all audio files handled by Gstreamer local installation (ogg, flac, mp3, ...) -can search for audio files inside dropped folders -full edition of silences between tracks CD/DVD copy: -can copy a CD/DVD to the hard drive -can copy CD and DVD on the fly -supports single-session data DVD -supports any kind of CD Others: -erase CD/DVD -can save/load projects -can burn CD/DVD images and cue files -song, image and video previewer -device detection thanks to HAL -file change notification (requires kernel > 2.6.13) -a customisable GUI (when used with GDL) -supports Drag and Drop / Cut'n'Paste from nautilus (and others apps) -can use files on a network as long as the protocol is handled by gnome-vfs -can search for files thanks to beagle (search is based on keywords or on file type) -can display a playlist and its contents (note that playlists are automatically searched through beagle) -all disc IO is done asynchronously to prevent the application from blocking